BONSERNEWS.com – Anies Baswedan criticized the government’s policy of subsidizing electric cars and motorbikes.
Anies Baswedan’s criticism was highlighted by the boss of Nafas, a startup that focuses on air pollution. Nafas Co-founder Piotr Jakubowski disclosed complete data on air pollution in RI and the impact of the electrification of motorized vehicles.
Jakubowski, via his Twitter account, stated that Nafas’ position as the only startup engaged in the field of air pollution prompted him to share his opinion in response to Anies’ criticism regarding electric cars.
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He presented the data to answer three questions that emerged from Anies’ discourse.
First, the contribution of motorized vehicles that use fuel and electricity to air pollution based on data compiled by Breath.
“Today’s breath, (has) real-time data (from) 180+ sensors in Jabodetabek, Bandung, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Bali and other cities,” he said.
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The Chief Growth Office of Breath then explained that one of the most dangerous types of air pollution in Indonesia is Particulate Matter 2.5, or PM2.5.
PM2.5 is dangerous because the size of the “dust” is so small that it can enter the lungs. The 2021 Air Quality Life Index report even states that air pollution has reduced life expectancy in Indonesia by 7 years.
“Everything that can be burned and that has smoke produces PM2.5 pollution,” he said.
Sources of air pollution in Indonesia include but are not limited to power plants, heavy industrial factories, transportation equipment, to burning waste in residential areas. Because the structure is in the form of particles, he explained, it is very expensive and difficult to determine the exact source of air pollution.
Therefore, according to Jakubowski, the only way to reduce air pollution is to reduce all activities that produce air pollution.
Then, Jakubowski continued to the second question, namely “is Anies’ statement true?” Anies’ statement that he highlighted was, “The solution to facing environmental problems, let alone the problem of air pollution, does not lie in subsidies for electric cars.”
According to him, electric vehicles clearly have lower emissions than spark-engined vehicles, even taking into account coal as a source of energy supply.
He then explained the results of calculating the emission comparison of electric vehicles that have been sold in Indonesia compared to gasoline vehicles, based on the source of electricity supply (coal, gas and combination/CCGT).
The Hyundai Ioniq, according to his calculations, emits 6-60 percent lower emissions, the Mercedes EQS 27-70 percent lower emissions, while the Alva One motorbike has 51-80 percent lower emissions.
“By transitioning resources to ones that are more environmentally friendly, electric cars automatically become more environmentally friendly too. The point is you don’t have to upgrade anymore.”
Then, he compared the emissions of private vehicles and public vehicles in Jakarta based on the amount.
According to data from Jakubowski, the number of Transjakarta buses is 5,843 compared to 3.7 million cars and 17 million motorcycles.
“The contribution of air pollution emissions from cars and motorbikes is MUCH higher than TransJakarta buses.
EV subsidies for private vehicles, motorbikes and cars can have a much greater effect on reducing air pollution from the transportation sector compared to (subsidies) for public vehicles. It’s just a numbers game,” he said.
Then Jakubowski tried to discuss why Anies’ statement was confusing, especially the sentence, “The per capita carbon emission per kilometer of an electric car is actually higher than that of an oil-fueled bus.”
According to him, the calculation per passenger is ambiguous.
“To answer the question ‘TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION, is it better to subsidize public vehicle EVs or private vehicle EVs?’ “Obviously. The number of private vehicles is much more and contributes much more to air pollution,” said Jakubowski.